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Category:Theories, Models, Frames of Reference

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In order to advance the profession of occupational therapy, there is a need for theories, models, frameworks, and continued research. They can help to clearly define the value of occupational therapy and distinguish it from other professions. Theories, models, and frameworks help occupational therapists, clients, and stakeholders to understand the client and their contexts and to develop an effective intervention plan.

What is a Theory?[edit | edit source]

A theory is the process of understanding phenomena and the relationships between them. Theories are tested across time and different settings. They may be generated from one profession and applied across professions.

What is a Model?[edit | edit source]

A model is the application of a theory for occupational therapy practice. Models themselves are not interventions or protocols, but help provide a view of occupation through the lens of the theory itself. The overall focus of occupational models is on occupation for humans. Models should be applicable across different settings and client groups.

What is a Frame of Reference?[edit | edit source]

Frames of references help occupational therapists to link theory to interventions and to provide professional reasoning to these interventions.[1][2]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Kramer P, Hinojosa J: Developmental perspective: fundamentals of developmental theory. In Kramer P, Hinojosa J, editors: Frames of reference for pediatric occupational therapy, pp. 3-8, ed 2, Baltimore, 1999, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
  2. Mosey AC: Three frames of reference for mental health, Thorofare, NJ, 1970, Slack.